Aluminium Composite Panels, also known as ACPs, are widely used for building façades, signage, cladding, and advertising boards. ACPs consist of a core material that is typically made of polyethylene sandwiched between two aluminium sheets. These panels are not only lightweight but also durable and weather-resistant. The popularity of ACPs has driven their demand in the construction industry, which consequently affects their prices. In this comprehensive guide, we will discuss the factors that influence ACP prices.
1. Raw Material Cost
One of the primary determinants of ACP prices is the cost of raw materials such as aluminium and polyethylene. Aluminium pricing is susceptible to global market demand and supply conditions. In cases of high demand and limited supply, the cost of aluminium increases, which subsequently raises the price of ACPs. Similarly, episodes of increase in crude oil prices, which is the raw material for polyethylene, leads to a rise in polyethylene prices and ultimately, the price of ACPs.
2. Thickness of the Aluminium Sheets
The thickness of the aluminium sheets used in the manufacturing of ACPs affects the price of the panels. Panels with thicker aluminium sheets have a higher price, due to the extra material costs involved in their production. Thicker aluminium sheets also provide higher structural stability and rigidity, which is necessary for high-rise or high-traffic areas. This makes thicker ACPs more durable and resistant to weather and other external factors, hence increasing their market value.
3. Type of Coatings and Finishes
ACP panels have a wide variety of coatings and finishes, which are mainly for aesthetic purposes. The most common type of finish is the PE (Polyester) coating, which is typically cheaper than other types of coatings such as PVDF (Polyvinylidene Fluoride). PVDF coatings are stronger and more resistant to weather and other external factors, hence making them more expensive. Additionally, ACPs can also be painted and printed, which further influences their prices. The painting and printing process increases the aesthetic value of ACPs, which explains their elevated cost.
4. Fabrication Complexity
The complexity of fabricating ACP panels can also affect their market prices significantly. ACPs can be cut, bent, and shaped into different sizes and designs, depending on the customer's specification. However, different shapes and designs require advanced technology and specialized machinery, which subsequently leads to an increase in the price of the panels. Standard rectangular and square-shaped ACP panels are typically less expensive than unconventional shapes such as curves, circles, and triangles.
5. Quantity and Delivery Destination
The quantity of ACP panels ordered and the delivery destination of the panels also determine their price. Generally, bulk orders are highly discounted as they minimize the cost of production per panel. Additionally, shipping and transportation costs, which vary by location, also affect the final price of the panels. ACPs that require shipping or transportation over long distances attract higher transportation costs, which further increase the price.
In summary, ACP prices are affected by factors such as raw material costs, thickness of the aluminium sheets, type of coatings and finishes, fabrication complexity, quantity ordered, and delivery destination. While ACPs contribute to the aesthetic value of buildings, they are also an important consideration due to their ability to provide added insulation, soundproofing, and fire resistance. It is essential to consider all these factors when purchasing ACP panels to ensure that you get the best possible price..